News from the Baracoa Agroforestry Experimental Station in Cuba
Restoration work at the Agroforestry Station of Baracoa focuses on recovering a 6 km strip of the Sabanilla River basin from the town of Paso de Cuba to Los Hoyos, contributing to the ecological restoration of four sites integrating Analog Forestry management techniques.
The design includes restoring the riverbanks with the specie Cyperus Alternifolius known as Paragüita or “umbrella plant”, to reduce erosion, as well as species from the Gengiberaceae family in flat lands with reduced erosion where there is no immediate contact with river currents.
On the upper shore where there are gullies caused by soil erosion, we will plant Pandamus Utilis Bory known in spanish as “señuelo”, a specie that develops aerial roots that allow for anchoring in the soil and in the water. It will form a network of roots that helps prevent erosion and provide a haven for wildlife.
A third area will be restored with forest tree species, fruit trees, medicinal and herbal plants.
The reforestation of land owned by farmers in the basin will include forest species of economic value, such as the Meliaceae family. In the areas of the watershed which are forest patrimony, we will plant species of less economic value, thus avoiding illegal logging in the future, which leads to the degradation of the basin. In both cases, the analogy and similarity of species proposed will be taken into account with those that once prevailed or currently are present.
Members of our team include: Dr. C. Wilmer Toirac Arguelle, Dr. Orlidia Hechavarría Kindelán, Technicians Eider Suárez and Victor Fuentes.